Delhi University Test paper- English Hons- 3rd Year

English Contemporary Literature Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : 3rd Year

Q. 1. (a) (i) Aila’s unexpected action of bringing politics into the bourgeois home suggests a new formulation of identity. Discuss with reference to Gordimer’s My Son’s Story.

(ii) In Gordimer’s My Son’s Story, as a coloured revolutionary in South Africa who has a ‘colonial mentality’. Sonny-is damned. Do you agree ? Give a reasoned answer.
(b) (i) Write a critical note on the treatment of cultural hybridity in Walcott’s “The Sea is History’ and ‘Names’.

(ii) Critically analyse Atwood’s ‘Procedures for Underground’ as a journey through the ‘green world’
of myth and delusion.
© (i) Dario Fo’s Accidental Death of an Anarchist is a play about necessary counter-information. Discuss.

(ii) Show how literature and politics and inextricably linked in Fo’s Accidental Death ofan Anarchist and Ngugi’s The Trial of Dedan Kimathi.
Answer :
Q. 2. (a) (i) According to Ngugi, ‘Both as a means of com¬munication and a carrier of culture, language…..has a dual characler.’ Comment with reference to ‘Decolonizing the Mind.’

(ii) What is the central postcolonial anxiety that Fanon discusses in Black Skin, White Masks ?
(b) (i) How do the personal and the political intersect in Neruda’s “The Way Spain Was”?

(ii) Construction of gender is a major political concern in contemporary literature. Write a critical note with ref¬erence to either Gordimer or Marquez.
Answer :
Q. 3. (a) In Things Fall Apart, Achebe presents the ten¬sions and conflicts between traditional values and alien culture, the ‘private self and ‘public man’ and their attendant consequences in a pre-colonial society. Elaborate.

(b) Okonkwo, the central character of Things Fall Apart, is the epitome of the complex cultural ambiguity of the Igbo people . Discuss.
Answer :
Q. 4. (a) In Marquez’s Chronicle of a Death Foretold, there in neither a historian nor an authoritative voice in the text: the concept of authority itself becomes enigmatic. Do you agree ? Give a reasoned answer,
(b) Chronicle of a Death Foretold is a parody of romance with ‘uncommon blending of fantasy, fable, and fact’. Com¬ment.
Answer :

English Literature 5 Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : IsT Year

Q. 1. (a) With beauty like a tightened bow, a kind
That is not natural in an age like this,
Being high and solitary and most stern ?
Why, what could she have done, being what she is ?
Was there another Troy for her to burn ?
Explain and comment on how Yeats links beauty with destruction in these lines from No Second Troy?

The nightingales are singing near
The convent of the Sacred Heart,
And sang within the bloody wood
When Agamemnon cried aloud,
And let their liquid siftings fall
To stain the stiff dishonoured shroud
Comment on the literary and mythical allusions in these lines from Sweeney Among the Nightingales.
(b) “The importance of Jimmy lies in his being seen and understood as a spokesperson for his generation of youngmen.” Comment.

Estragon : (very insidious) But what Saturday? And is it Saturday? Is it not rather Sunday? (Pause) Or Monday (Pause) Or Friday?
Examine the above statement and comment on the presentation of Time in Waiting for Godot.
© Write a critical note on any one of the following :
(i) Heart of Delayed decoding as a narraitve technique.
(ii) Mariow as narrator.
(iii) Marlow’s lie to the Intended.
Answer :
Q. 2. (a) “Myths are made for the imagination to breathe life into them.” Discuss with special reference to Camus1 views on the myth of Sisyphus.

What are Eliot’s views on the creative process ?
(b) Write a biref note on modernism with reference to any one text in your course.

Briefly examine the connexion between “Existentialism” and “The Theatre of the Absurd”.
Answer :
Q. 3. In Mrs. Dalloway, Woolf captures “the fragmented consciousness that has come to be considered symptomatic of life in the twentieth century ? Comment.

On not receiving an invitation to Lady Bruton’s party Clarissa felt “suddenly shrivelled, aged, breastless……..”
In the light of the above statement, critically examine the role that parties play in Clarissa’s life.
Answer :
Q. 4. With reference to the relationship between Mr. and Mrs. Morel, do you agree that “in seeking to make him nobler than he couid be, she destroyed him.” Give a reasoned answer. 15
“The Paul-Miriam chapters are central to our understanding of Sons and Lovers.”Do you agree ? Give a reasoned answer.
Answer :

English Literature III Previous Year Question Paper Year 2006 : 3rd Year
Q. 1. (a) (i) In addition to political subjects, one recurrent theme in Swift’s work is the attack on women. Discuss with special reference to Voyage 2 of Gulliver’s Travels.

(ii) The person of Lemuel Gulliver has been created to serve as a mouthpiece for swift. Would you agree ? Give a rea¬soned answer.
(b) Identify, contextualize, explain and critically comment &n the following :
(i) The hapless nymph with wonder saw:
A whisker first and then a claw,
With many an ardent wish,
She stretched in vain to reach the prize.
What female heart can gold despise ?
What cat’s averse to fish ?

(ii) But times are altered; trade’s unfeeling train
Usurp the land and disposses the swain;
Along the lawn, where scattered hamlets rose,
Unwieldy wealth, and cumbrous pomp repose;
And every want to opulence allied,
And every pang that folly pays to pride.
© Identify, contextualize, explain and critically comment on the following:
(i) Then, as a wild swan, when sublimely winging
Its path athwart the thunder-smoke of dawn,
Sinks headlong through the aerial golden light
On the heavy-sounding plain,
When the bolt has pierced the brain;
As summer clouds dissolve, unburthened of their rain;
As a far taper fades with the fading night,
As a brief insect dies with the dying day,-
My song, its pinions disarrayed of might, Drooped:

(ii) Thou wast not born for death, immortal bird!
No hungry generations tread thee down;
The voice I hear this passing night was heard
In ancient days by emperor and clown :
Perhaps the self-same song that found a path
Through the sad heart of Ruth, when, sick for home,
She stood in tears amid the alien corn;
The same that oft-times hath
Charmed magic casements, opening on the foam
Of perilous seas in fairy lands forlorn.
Answer :
Q. 2. (a) (i) ‘A Modest Proposal’ is a rational, pragmatic and workable solution to poverty, put forth by a theorist of economy. Would you agree ? Discuss.

(ii) Why and how does Mary Wolstonecraft advocate the necessity of education for women ?
(b) (i) Write a brief but analytical essay on Romanticism.

(ii) Write a note on the influence of science on the literature of mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
Answer :
Q. 3. (i) Analyse Blake’s “The Tyger” in terms of its sym¬bol and meanings.

(ii) “Dejection: An Ode” and “Ode : On the Intimations of Immortality” are poems about the poet’s loss of vision. Examine the relationship between the two poems.
Answer :
Q, 4, (i) Examine critically the title page of Frankenstein and its thematic relationship with the text.
(ii) Frankenstein critiques the enterprising spirit which drove scientific development and mercantile expansion since the eighteenth century. Discuss.
Answer :

English Modern European Drama Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : 3rd Year

Q. 1. (a) Critically examine the role of Engstrand in Ghosts.

Comment on the role and significance of Pastor Manders in Ghosts.
(b) The Good Person of Szechwan illustrates Brecht’s con¬cept of didactic theatre. Comment.

Discuss the political implications of the Epilogue in The Good Person of Szechwan.
© Comment on the significance of Chantal’s escape and death in The Balcony.

What is the importance of the tomb for the Chief of Police? Analyse and comment.
Answer :
Q. 2. (a) Critically comment on Raymond Williams’ discussion of tragedy and social change.

Why does Steiner think that tragedy is impossible in modern times?
(b) Write a short note on the changing relations between text and performance in modern drama.

Discuss any two features of naturalism, with reference to a play in your course.
Answer :
Q. 3. It is its concentrated from which gives Miss Julie its power and intensity. Discuss.

In Miss Julie, Strindberg has interwoven class and gender in a rich and complex design. Discuss.
Answer :
Q. 4. In Rhinoceros, the individual is pitted against forces beyond his control. Discuss.

The play Rhinoceros shows the building up of hysteria and the herd mentality. Analyse and comment
Answer :

English Literary Theory Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : 3rd Year

Q. l.(a) “The mode of being of the new intellectual can no longer consist in eloquence, which is an exterior and momentary mover of feelings and passions, but in active participation in practical life, as constructor, organizer, ‘permanent persuader’ and not just a simple
(i) What kind of “new intellectual” does Gramsci promote here?
(ii) What leads to the development of this “new intellec¬tual”,, and what do such intellectuals accomplish ?

“All ideology hails or interpellates concrete individuals as con-crete subjects.”
Discuss Althusser’s concept of the subject in the light of this statement.
(b) “In wrestling nothing exists except in the absolute, there is no symbol, no allusion, everything is presented exhaustively. …. This grandiloquence is nothing but the popular and age-old image of the perfect intelligibility of reality.”
How, according to Barthes, does wrestling produce “the popular and age-old image of the perfect intelligibility of reality” ?

Critically analyse Greenblatt’s concept of the self as discussed in Renaissance Self Fashioning.
© “Let us wage a war on totality, let us be withness to the unpresentable, let us activate the difference.”
Comments on Lyotard’s view of postmodernism in the light of this statement.

“If totalization no longer has any meaning, it is ….because of the nature of the field -that is language and a finite language- [which] excludes totalization. This field is in effect that of play, that is to say a field of infinite substitutions only because it is finite, that is to say because instead of being too large, there is something missing from it: a center which arrests and grounds the play of substitutions. One could say…..that this movement of play, permitted by the lack of absence of a center or origin, is the movement of supplementarity”
How does Derrida define the concept of ‘play’ in this passage ? What implications does it have for the reading of a text ?
Answer :
Q. 2. (a) According to Eagleton, “the value-judgements by which [literature] is constituted are historically variable … [and they] them-selves have a close relation to social ideologies.”
Discuss, with examples, how literature is constituted differently in different historical situations and why.

What major historical and social forces led to the rise of English studies in England ?
(b) “The power of critical discourse moves on several levels.”
What different kinds of power relations, in Eagleton’s view, does critical discourse engage in ?

“I wish to recall literary criticism from certain fashionable, new¬fangled ways of thinking it has been seduced by – ‘literature’ as a specially privileged object, the ‘aesthetic’ as separable from social determinants….”
Which “fashionable, new-fangled ways of thinking” does Eagieton refer to ? What, in his view, is the function of literary criticism?
Answer :
Q. 3. How successful is Barrett in offering a materialist under¬standing of the ideology of gender ?

Compare and contrast Showalter’s and Mitchell’s views on women’s writing. Who do you think addresses the problem more accurately and why ?
Answer :
Q. 4. Critically comment on Spivak’s views on subaltern identity
and agency.

What, according to Aijaz Ahmad, are some of the problems and difficulties that a scholar attempting to write a history of Indian literature is bound to encounter ?
Answer :

English Contemporary Literature Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : 3rd Year

Q. 1. (a) Write a critical note on the significance of Ikemefunia in Things Fall Apart.

How does the character of Nwoye show the psychological conse¬quences of colonialism in Things Fall Apart?
(b) Write a critical note on the significance of the phrase “Needing Hannah” in My Son’s Story.

Comment on the novelist’s handling of the narrative perspective in My Son’s Story.
© Show how the theme of survival is integral to Atwood’s poetry, with special reference to “This is a Photograph of Me” and “Procedures for Underground”.

Discuss the enmeshing of personal memory with public history in Neruda’s “The Way Spain Was” and Walcott’s “A Far Cry from Africa”.
Answer :
Q. 2.(a) “To speak a language is to take on a world, a culture.” Discuss, with reference to Fanon’s “Black Skin, White Masks”.

Why, according to Marquez, has Europe failed to understand Latin America?
(b) Discuss the revolutionary potential of literary texts, with reference to either Ngugi or Neruda.

With reference to either (iordimer or Achebe, discuss how gen¬der and political history are interrelated.
Answer :
Q. 3.(a) “As a mode, marvellous realism is attached to a real and to a possible.” Discuss, with reference to Chronicle of a Death Foretold.

(b) ‘’Chronicle of a Deatrh Foretold is an ironic comment on the honour code.” Discuss.
Answer :
Q. 4.(a) “In The Trial of Dedan Kimathi, the authorities are symbolically placed in the dock.” Do you agree? Give a reasoned answer.

(b) How do the plays The Trial of Dedan Kimathi and Acci¬dental death of an Anarchist question accepted versions of history?
Answer :

English Literature 5 Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : 3rd Year

Q. 1. (a) (i) Why should 1 blame her that she filled my days With misery, or that she would of late Have taught to ignorant men most violent ways, Or hurled the little streets upon the great, Had they but courage equal to desire ?
Explain these lines and comment on Yeats’ fusion of personal and political concerns in this poem.

I should have been a pair of ragged claws scuttling across the floors of silent seas. Do you agree that these lines mark a thematic shift in The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock? Write a reasoned answer.
(b) Discuss John Osborne’s use of symbols to impose thematic and structural unity in Look Back in Anger.
Write a critical note on Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot as an “absurd” play
© Write a critical note any one of the following:
(i) Marlow;
(ii) The harlequin;
(iii) Colonialism in Heart of Darkness.
Answer :
Q. 2. (a) What are Forester’s views on ‘Order in life’ and ‘Order in art’?

What, according to Camus, makes Sisyphus an ‘absurd hero’ ?
(b) Discuss the ’stream of consciousness’ as a modernist technique for exploring the inner life of fictional characters.

Write a note on the depiction of the ‘New Woman1 in the fiction of the early twentieth century.
Answer :
Q. 3. (a) Do you agree with the view that Septimus Warren Smith dies so that Clarissa Dalloway may live ? Write a reasoned answer.

(b) “What a lark! What a plunge!”
Critically examine the oscillating rhythms of privileged mo¬ments and moments of despair inMry. Dalloway.
Answer :
Q. 4. (a) “The central theme of Sons and Lovers is the crippling effects of a mother’s love on theemotional development of her sons.” Comment

(b) In Sons and Lovers D.H. Lawrence dwells upon “the divisive and damaging potential of the institution of marriage”. Discuss.
Answer :

English Literature III Previous Year Question Paper Year 2005 : 3rd year- Paper VI

Q. 1. Identify eontextualize, explain and critically comment on the following:
(a) (i) Has Heaven reserv’d, in pity to the Poor.
No pathless Waste, or undiscover’d shore ?
No secret Island in the boundless main ?
No peacefui Desart yet unclaim’d by Spain ?
Quick let us rise, the happy Seats explore.
And bear Oppression’s Isolence no more.

(ii) But Knowledge to their eyes her ample page,
Rich with the spoils of time did ne’er unroll;
Chill Penury repressed their noble rage,
And froze the genial current of the soul.
(b) (i) I wander thro’ each charter’d street
Near where the charter’d Thames does flow,
And mark in every face I meet
Marks of weakness, marks of woe.

(ii) Could I revive within me
He symphony and Song;
To such a deep delight ‘twould win me,
That with music loud and long,
I would build that dome in air;
That sunny dome! those caves of ice!
© (i) …. on a sudden I beheld a stream of fire issue
from an old and beautiful oak, which stood
about twenty yards from our house; and so
soon as the dazzling light vanished, the oak
had disappeared, and nothing remained but
a blasted stump.
(ii) “God in pity made man beautiful and alluring
after his own image; but my form is a filthy
type of yours, more horrid from its very resemlance
Answer :
Q. 2. (a) (i) Analyse Defoe’s ideas on English trade and trades¬men with reference to eighteenth century mercantile expansion.

(ii) Johnson and Wordsworth propose different ideas about poetry. Examine this statement with reference to the age in which they wrote.
(b) (i) The rise of the Gothic novel.

(ii) Comment on the alienation of man in an increasingly mercantile and industrial England with reference to mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth century writing.
Answer :
Q. 3. (i) Gulliver is not a novelistically consistent character. This varying voice is defined by the ever-shifting demands of satiric in¬tention. Would you agree ? Give a reasoned answer.

(ii) Gulliver’s Travels is Swift’s most extensive commentary on political follies and vices. Discuss.
Answer :
Q. 4. (i) “Overall, the course of Keats’s development might be partly described as the……..gradually cumulative loss of confidence in the merely visionary imagination.” Discuss in the light of the poems you have read.

(ii) Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage is a self-reflexive account of the Romantic age. Discuss.

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